The first industrial revolution started in the 18 century, with steam power and basic mechanization. Even if this technology was child’s play when compared to current technologies, this increased textile manufacturing by 8 times, created faster means of transportation (steam trains), and had a great impact on society.
The second revolution came with electricity and electronic automation. This revolution removed the human element from the most repetitive and simple tasks. It created automated manufacturing lines that greatly increased the production output in many areas.
The third industrial revolution happened around 1970, with computers being at the epicenter of it. More tasks were able to be automated than before, by software programs specially created to imitate human’s physical and mental capabilities. This also brought more connectivity to the world, with the invention of the Internet.
All 3 of these important industrial revolutions have some factors in common. The most important factor in each of the previous industrial revolutions is technological advancement, which bought with it reduced production and development costs and increased utility. Knowing what happened in the previous industrial revolutions helps us project a world brought to us by the next industrial revolution.
This week’s spotlight article, written by Flavio Aliberti, is all about Industry 4.0 and how it will impact our lives and the society we live in. Definitely a must-read for everyone interested in technology and the future.